从Oracle数据库到SQL Server数据库主键的迁移

2/9/2008来源:Oracle教程人气:6268

  由于项目需要要将以前Oracle数据库转化为SQL Server,今天利用SQL Server的DTD进行数据库的迁移,但导入以后发现只导入了表结构和数据,而表的一些主键约束都没导过来,感觉很郁闷,而手头又没有好的迁移工具,如Erwin,所以动手写了个小工具,基本实现了主键的转移, 主要代码如下: 主要控件:     ADOConnOrcale: TADOConnection;  //连接Oracle
    ADOConnSQLServer: TADOConnection; //连接SQL Server
   
    O1: TADOQuery;  //连接Oracle
    S1: TADOQuery; //连接SQL Server
    S2: TADOQuery; //连接SQL Server     PRogressBar1: TProgressBar;  //进度条
    Memo1: TMemo;  //显示出错信息
    EdtServer: TEdit;  //服务器
    EdtDataBase: TEdit; //数据库名称
    EdtUser: TEdit;  //用户名
    EdtPass: TEdit;  //口令     Button1: TButton;  //执行按钮 //常量
const
  ORAConnStr='Provider=MSDAORA.1;Data Source=%S;User ID=%S;PassWord=%S;Persist Security Info=True';
  SQLConnStr='Provider=SQLOLEDB.1;Data Source=%S;Initial Catalog=%S;User ID=%S;Password=%S;Persist Security Info=False'; 在执行前先进行Oracle和SQL Server数据库的连接。 连接Oracle:   ADOConnOrcale.ConnectionString :=Format(ORAConnStr,[trim(EdtDataBase.Text),
         trim(EdtUser.Text),trim(EdtPass.Text)]);
  try
    ADOConnOrcale.Open;
    MsgBox('Oracle数据库连接成功!');
  Except
    MsgBox('Oracle数据库连接失败!');
  end; 连接SQL Server:   ADOConnSQLServer.ConnectionString :=Format(SQLConnStr,[trim(EdtServer.Text),
          trim(EdtDataBase.Text),trim(EdtUser.Text),trim(EdtPass.Text)]);
  try
    ADOConnSQLServer.Open;
    MsgBox('SQL Server数据库连接成功!')
  except
    MsgBox('SQL Server数据库连接失败!');
  end; 主要执行代码,比较乱,没有整理,不过实现功能就行了。 procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  i:Integer;
  FieldN, tableN, fieldM,aa:String;
begin
  if Not ADOConnOrcale.Connected then
  begin
    MsgBox('请先连接Oracle数据库!');
    exit;
  end;
  if not ADOConnSQLServer.Connected then
  begin
    MsgBox('请先连接SQL Server数据库!
');
    exit;
  end;
  Screen.Cursor :=crHourGlass;
  try
    o1.Close;
    O1.SQL.Clear;
    //取oracle表用户budget的所有主键约束信息
    o1.SQL.Text :=' select a.CONSTRAINT_NAME,a.CONSTRAINT_TYPE,a.TABLE_NAME, b.COLUMN_NAME,b.position '+
                  ' from USER_CONSTRAINTS a,USER_CONS_COLUMNS b where a.CONSTRAINT_NAME=b.CONSTRAINT_NAME '+
                  ' and a.table_name=b.table_name and constraint_type=''P'' and a.owner=b.owner '+
                  ' and lower(a.owner)=''budget'' order by a.table_name,b.position ';
    O1.open;
    tableN:='';
    O1.First;
    ProgressBar1.Max:=O1.RecordCount;
    ProgressBar1.Min:=0;
    ProgressBar1.Step:=1;
    ProgressBar1.Visible :=true;
    for i:=0 to O1.RecordCount -1 do
    begin
      s2.Close;
      S2.SQL.Clear;
      //判定SQL Server表是否存在当前的字段信息
      S2.SQL.Text:='SELECT a.name AS tanme, b.* FROM sysobjects a INNER JOIN '+
                   ' syscolumns b ON a.id = b.id '+
                   ' WHERE (a.xtype = ''U'') AND (a.name = '''+O1.fieldbyname('table_name').AsString+''''+
                   ') and b.name= '''+O1.fieldbyname('COLUMN_NAME').AsString+''''+
                   ' ORDER BY b.id';
      S2.Open;
      //不存在,输出表明和字段名
      if s2.RecordCount<=0 then
      begin
        Memo1.Text:=Memo1.Text+#13+'表:'''+O1.fieldbyname('table_name').AsString+''''+
                    '   字段:'''+O1.fieldbyname('COLUMN_NAME').AsString+'''  不存在!';
        O1.Next;
        tableN:='';
        FieldN:='';
        Continue;
      end;
     //是当前表,循环读取主键信息
     if (tableN='') or (tableN= O1.fieldbyname('table_name').AsString) then
     begin
       FieldN:=FieldN+'['+O1.fieldbyname('COLUMN_NAME').AsString+'],';//表明相同或初试时
       tableN:= O1.fieldbyname('table_name').AsString;
     end
     else
     begin
       with S1 do
       begin
         try
           //取SQL Server表的主键信息
           Close;
           sql.Clear;
           sql.Text:='SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE WHERE TABLE_NAME='''+tableN+'''';
           Open;
           first;
           aa:=fieldbyname('constraint_name').AsString;
           //假如该主键在SQL表中已存在,删除该主键信息,重建该表主键
           if recordcount>0 then
           begin
             sql.Clear;
             SQL.Text:='ALTER TABLE '+tableN+' DROP CONSTRAINT '+aa; //删除主键
             ExecSQL;
           end;
           SQL.Clear;                              //COLUMN_NAME
           SQL.Text:='ALTER TABLE '+tableN+' WITH NOCHECK ADD '+
                      ' CONSTRAINT [PK_'+tableN+'] PRIMARY KEY  NONCLUSTERED '+
                      ' (  '+ copy(FieldN,1,length(FieldN)-1)+
                      ' )';
           ExecSQL;
           FieldN:='['+O1.fieldbyname('COLUMN_NAME').AsString+'],';
           tableN:= O1.fieldbyname('table_name').AsString;
         Except
           Memo1.Text :=Memo1.Text+'表:  '+tableN+'  字段:  '+FieldN+'  导入出错!
';
           exit;
         end;
       end;
     end;
     ProgressBar1.StepIt;
     application.ProcessMessages;
     O1.Next;
    end;
    MsgBox('导入完成!');
  finally
    Screen.Cursor :=crDefault;
    ProgressBar1.Visible :=False;
  end;
end;